Topicalization and focalization are syntactic issues studied in a variety of languages. Topicalization is defined as the proposing of a constituent to the beginning of the sentence. It has the old information and the rest of the sentence is about it. Focalization, on the other hand, is a process in which a constituent may stay put in its canonical position represented by a relativizer or may be preposed, but bearing the new information. To study these issues, we studied the Zanjani dialect, an offshoot of the Azeri language. We analyzed sentences in a number of film scripts and found that the minimal program may not be able to deal with these issues in this dialect, and that information structure theories may be used to consider topicalization and focalization in this dialect.
KeywordsTopicalization Focalization Azeri Language The Zanjani Dialect Minimal Program Information Structure
- Aboh, E. O., (2004). Topic and focus within D. Linguistics in the Netherlands, 21, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1075/avt.21.04abo
- Birner, B., & Mahootian, S., (1996). Functional Constraints on Inversion in English and Farsi. Language Sciences, 18 (1-2), 127-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/0388-0001(96)00011-3
- Birner, B., & Ward, G., (1998). Information Status & Non Canonical Word Order in English. Benjamin Publishing Company, Philadelphia. https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.40
- Brown, K., (2005). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier.
- Crushina, S., (2021). Topicalization in Romance Languages. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.650
- Dabir Moghadam, M., (2004). The Farsi Language and Linguistic Theories: In search for a Framework for Compiling a Comprehensive Farsi Grammar. The Grammar Journal, 1 (1), 93-120.
- Darzi, A., (2006). The Necessity of Differentiation Between the Process of Focalization and Topicalization. The Grammar Journal, 2, 161-187.
- Haegeman, L., & Gueron, J., (1999). English Grammar: A Generative Perspective. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
- Halliday, M.A.K., (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold, United Kingdom.
- Karimi, S., (2005). A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, 76. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199796
- Lambrecht, K., (1994). Information Structure and Sentence form. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620607
- Oroji, M.R., & Rezaei, A., (2013). Exploring “ke” as a focus particle in Persian from both form and function points of view. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 33(1), 76-84. https://doi.org/10.1080/07268602.2013.801108
- Prince, E., (1992). The ZPG Letter: Subjects, Definiteness, and Information-Status. John Benjamins, Philadelphia, 295-325. https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.16.12pri
- Rasekh Mahand, M., (2006). Syntactic inversion and emphasis in the Farsi language. The Grammar Journal, 2.
- Rizzi, L., (1997). The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery. Elements of Grammar, 281-337. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5420-8_7