Four Asian Tigers' Political and Economic Development Revisited 1998-2017: From the Perspective of National Identity

Dong-Ching Day
Department of International Affairs and Business, Nanhua University, Taiwan


Plum Analytics


Developmental state used to be and is still regarded as a very practical theory to explain why Four Asian Tigers-Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Singapore enjoyed almost averagely double-digit economic growth rate each year from 1970 to 1990 as well as East Asian economic development. However, developmental state theory couldn’t tell why South Korea and Singapore’s economic development had done much better than Taiwan and Hong Kong’s in terms of GDP per capita after 2003 and 2004 respectively. The aim of the study is trying to use national identity perspective to explain why it happens like this, since Four Asian Tigers’ economic development more or less was troubled by national identity issue. The major difference between these two groups is that South Korea and Singapore have done better in dealing with national identity issue than Taiwan and Hong Kong.


  • Developmental state,
  • New statism,
  • Asian financial crisis,
  • National identity,
  • Political and economic development


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Article Details

Volume 4, Issue 4, Year 2021

Published 2021-12-22


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