Multiple Stress Creep Recovery (MSCR) Test for Determination of Waste Engine Oil Modified Asphalt Binder as Pavement Material

Biruk Tadele
Department of Civil Engineering, Haramaya Institute of Technology, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Emer T Quezon
Department of Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


Plum Analytics


Engineers have been using modified binders to improve the quality of flexible pavements. The use of waste material is one of the solutions taken in this direction. It is for this ground that the studies emphasis on the evaluation of waste engine oil as a modifier for asphalt binder as a pavement material. In the study uses four samples extracted from 80/100 penetration grade bitumen. From four sample first sample was checked for weather requirements of asphalt binder meet or not and the three were modified with different content of engine oil (3,6 and 9%). The behaviors of both unmodified and modified binder were checked for rheological properties. Dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) was used to determine high temperature performance grade (PG) and multiple stress creep recovery tests to determine rutting resistance properties of the binder. PG analysis indicates that both aged and un-aged 3% and 6% modified binder have similar higher PG grade with the unmodified one and 9% modified to have lower PG vale. Jnr3.2 value of modified asphalt binder is lower than unmodified binder indicating that modification had improved the rutting resistance and design traffic load (ESALS). The study shows that it is possible to use waste engine oil-modified binder as a pavement material.


  • Pavement material,
  • Asphalt,
  • Dynamic Shear Rheometer,
  • Rheology,
  • Rutting,
  • Engine oil
  • ...More


  1. M. M. A. Aziz, M. T. Rahman, M. R. Hainin, W. A. Bakar, An overview of alternative binders for flexible pavement, Construction and Building Materials, 84 (2015) 315–319.
  2. S. Arafat Yero, M. R. Hainin, The influence of short-term aging on bitumen properties, ARPN Journal of Science and Technology, 2 (2012) 597–599.
  3. AASHTO T315: Dynamic Shear Rheometer, AASHTO, Washington, D.C., 2011
  4. AASHTO, Determining the rheological properties of asphalt binder using a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), AASHTO T315, Washington, DC, (2010a).
  5. AASHTO, Standard specification for performance-graded asphalt binder using multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) test, AASHTO MP19, Washington, DC, (2010b).
  6. Z. Hossain, D. Ghosh, M. Zaman, K. Hobson, Use of the Multiple Stress Creep Recovery (MSCR)Test Method to Characterize Polymer-Modified Asphalt Binders, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 44 (2016) 507–520.
  7. J. Documents, Multiple Stress Creep Recovery (MSCR) Test of Asphalt Binder Using a Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR), (2013) 1–7.
  8. P. Interactive, S.Pg, Dynamic Shear Rheometer, (2011) 1-7.
  9. R. Stevens, Evaluation of Multiple Stress Creep and Recovery (MSCR) Data for Arizona, 1(1997) 337-345.
  10. M. Anderson, Understanding the MSCR Test and its Use in the PG Asphalt Binder Specification Recording, (2014).
  11. A.A. Mamun, H.I. Al-Abdul Wahhab, Evaluation of Waste Engine Oil-Rejuvenated Asphalt Concrete Mixtures with High RAP Content, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2018 (2018).
  12. Biruk Tadele, Emer Tucay Quezon, Evaluation of waste engine oil rejuvenation for highly short-term aged asphalt binder, Australian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19 (2021) 225-234.
  13. P.K.S. Brito, D. F. Carvalho, M. C. P. A. Moura, E. L. Barros Neto, T. N. C. Dantas, A. A. Dantas Neto, Development of Asphalt Emulsions Incorporating Waste Lubricating Oil, Brazilian Journal of Petroleum and Gas, 9 (2015)167–176.
  14. S.B. Cooper, L.N. Mohammad, M.A. Elseif, Laboratory performance of asphalt mixtures containing recycled asphalt shingles and re-refined engine oil bottoms, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 29 (2017) 1–6.
  15. Z. Lei, H. Bahia, T. Yi-Qiu, Effect of bio-based and refined waste oil modifiers on low temperature performance of asphalt binders, Construction and Building Materials, 86 (2015) 95–100.
  16. S. Fernandes, Improving asphalt mixture performance by partially replacing bitumen with waste motor oil and elastomer modifiers, Applied Sciences, (2017) 1–11.
  17. A.K. Swamy, I.A. Qurashi, Viscoelastic properties of recycled asphalt binder containing waste engine oil, Journal of Cleaner Production, 182 (2018) 992–1000.
  18. Wu. Shenghua, Balasingam Muhunthan, Evaluation of the Effects of Waste Engine Oil on the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binders, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 30 (2018) 1-5.
  19. N.A. Hassan, N.H.M. Kamaruddin, M.R. Hainin, M.E. Abdullah, Effect of Warm Asphalt Additive on the Creep and Recovery Behaviour of Aged Binder Containing Waste Engine Oil, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 226 (2017) 012066.



Article Details

Volume 4, Issue 1, Year 2022

Published 2022-01-01


Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics