Call for Papers - September 2021 Issue | Submission deadline: September 20, 2021 | Processing fee for publication: NIL

Synthesis and Structural, Optical Properties of Cadmium Doped Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles

Mayakannan M
PG & Research Department of Physics, Government Arts College, Thiruvalluvar University, Tiruvannamalai-606603, Tamil Nadu, India.
Vinoth E
PG & Research Department of Physics, Government Arts College, Thiruvalluvar University, Tiruvannamalai-606603, Tamil Nadu, India.
Prabakar S
Department of Physics, Siga college of Management and Computer Science, Thiruvalluvar University, Villupuram-605601, Tamil Nadu, India


Plum Analytics


The nanostructure cadmium doped cobalt oxide nanoparticles were prepared by microwave irradiation techniques. The prepared nanoparticles were further characterized using Powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The Powder X ray diffraction results shows good crystalline nature. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy conforms stretching and bending vibration of metal oxygen groups. UV-Vis spectroscopy results show absorption edges are 204 nm, 220nm prepared nanoparticles additionally optical parameter skin depth, extinction co-efficient, reflectance, refractive index is calculated.


  • Nanoparticles,
  • Microwave-assisted,
  • Functional groups,
  • Optical properties


  1. Xiaohe Liu, Guangzhou Qiu, and Xingguo Li Shape controlled synthesis and properties of uniform spinel cobalt oxide nano cubes, Nanotechnology, 16 (2005) 3035-3040.
  2. L.M. Alrehaily, J.M. Joseph, M.C. Biesinger, D.A.Guzonas, J.C.Wren, Gamma-radiolysis–assisted cobalt oxide nano particle formation RSC Publishing, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15 (2013) 1014-1024.
  3. F. Moro, S. V. Y. Tang, F. Tuna, E. Lester, Magnetic properties of cobalt oxide nanoparticles synthesised by a continuous hydrothermal method, Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials, 348 (2013) 1-7.
  4. S.G. Kandalkar, D.S. Dhawale, Chang-Koo Kim, C.D. Lokhande, Chemical synthesis cobalt oxide thin filim electrode for super capacitor application, Synthetic metals, 160 (2010) 1299-1302.
  5. S. R. Zhang, Z. B. Hu, K. Y. Liu, Y. Z. Liu, H. E. Fang, Q. L. Xie, Synthesis and characterization of porous cobalt oxide/copper oxide nanoplate as novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 25 (2015) 4054 - 4062.
  6. A. T. Khalil, M. Ovais, I. Ullah, M. Ali, Z. K. Shinwari, M. Maaza, Physical properties, biological applications and biocompatibility studies on biosynthesized single phase cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanoparticles via Sageretia thea (Osbeck.), Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 13 (2020) 606-619.
  7. S. Chattopadhyay, S.P. Chakraborty, D. Latha, R. Baral, P. Pramanik, S. Roy, Surface modified cobalt oxide nano particles new opportunities for anti-cancer drug development, Cancer nanotechnology, 3 (2012) 13-23.
  8. A. Ashok, A. Kumar, R. R. Bhosale, F. Almomani, M. A. H. S. Saad, S. Suslov, F. Tarlochan, Influence of fuel ratio on the performance of combustion synthesized bifunctional cobalt oxide catalysts for fuel cell application, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (2019) 436-445.
  9. C. Sun, X. Su, F. Xiao, C. Niu, J. Wang, Synthesis of nearly monodisperse Co3O4 nanocubes via a microwave-assisted solvothermal process and their gas sensing properties, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 157 (2011) 681-685.
  10. G. Patrinoiu, V. Etacheri, S. Somacescu, V. S. Teodorescu, R. Birjega, D. C. Culita, C. N, Hong, M. C. Morenoa, V.G.Pol, O. Carp, Spherical cobalt/cobalt oxide-Carbon composite anodes for enhanced lithium-ion storage, Electrochimica Acta, 264 (2018) 191-202.
  11. S. Gopinath, B. Karthikeyan, C. Ragupathi, K. Sivakumar, R. Sundaram, Structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of Co3O4 nanoparticles prepared by conventional method, Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, 81 (2016) 66-70.
  12. M. Durano, A.H. Tamboli, H. Kim, Cobalt oxide synthesized using urea precipitation method as catalyst for the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 520 (2007) 355-360.
  13. S.M. Ansari, R.D. Bhor, K.R. Pai, D. Sen, S. Mazumder, Karthick Ghosh, Y.D. Kolekara, C.V. Ramana, Cobalt nano particles for biomedical applications: Facile synthesis, Physiochemical characterization, cytotoxicity behaviour and biocompatibility, Applied surface science, 414 (2017) 171-187.
  14. G.A. Santos, C.M. Santos, S.W. da Silva, E.A. Urquieta-González, P.P.C. Sartoratto, Sol–gel synthesis of silica–cobalt composites by employing Co3O4 colloidal dispersions, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 395 (2012) 217-224.
  15. G. Wang, X. Shen, J. Horvat, B. Wang, H. Liu, D. Wexler, J. Yao, Hydrothermal synthesis and optical, magnetic, and supercapacitance properties of nanoporous cobalt oxide nanorods, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113 (2009) 4357-4361.
  16. S.K. Meher, G.R. Rao, Ultralayered Co3O4 for high-performance super capacitor applications, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115 (2011) 15646-15654.
  17. J. Mu, L. Zhang, G. Zhao, Y. Wang, The crystal plane effect on the peroxidase-like catalytic properties of Co 3 O 4 nanomaterials, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16 (2014) 15709-15716.
  18. G. Allaedini, A. Muhammad, (2013) Study of influential factors in synthesis and characterization of cobalt oxide nanoparticles, Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry, 3 (2013) 1-16.
  19. S. Deng, X. Xiao, G. Chen, L. Wang, Y. Wang, Cd doped porous Co3O4 nanosheets as electrode material for high performance supercapacitor application, Electrochimica Acta, 196 (2016) 316-327.
  20. R. Sathyamoorthy, P. Sudhagar, A. Balerna, C. Balasubramanian, S. Bellucci, A. I Popov, K. Asokan, Surfactant-assisted synthesis of Cd1− xCoxS nanocluster alloys and their structural, optical and magnetic properties, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 493 (2010) 40-245.
  21. A.K Singh, U.T. Nakate, Microwave synthesis, characterization, and photoluminescence properties of nanocrystalline zirconia, The Scientific World Journal, 2014 (2014) 1-8.
  22. V. chikan, E.J. McLaurin, Rapid nanoparticle synthesis by magnetic and microwave heating, Nanomaterials, 6 (2016) 1-9.
  23. T. Kim, G. Jung, S.Yoo, K. S. Suh, R.S. Ruoff, (2013) Activated graphene-based carbons as supercapacitor electrodes with macro-and mesopores, ACS nano, 7 (2013) 6899-6905.
  24. P. Nagaraju, A. Alsalme, A. Alswieleh, R. Jayavel, Facile in-situ microwave irradiation synthesis of TiO2/graphene nanocomposite for high-performance supercapacitor applications, Journal of electro analytical chemistry, 808 (2018) 90-100.
  25. S. Vijayakumar, A.K. Ponnalagi, S. Nagamuthu, G. Muralidharan, Microwave assisted synthesis of Co3O4 nanoparticles for high-performance supercapacitors, Electrochimica Acta, 106 (2013) 500-505.
  26. A. Lakehal, B. Bedhiaf, A. Bouaza, B. Hadj, A. Ammari, C. Dalache, Structural, optical and electrical properties of Ni-doped Co3O4 prepared via Sol-Gel technique, Materials Research, 21 (2018).
  27. S. Satheeshkumar, V. Jeevantham, D. Tamilselvi, Effect of Cu-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO nano crystallites prepared by co precipitation method, journal of ovonic research, 14 (2018) 9-15.
  28. S. Farhadi, J. Safabakhsh, P. Zaringhadam, (2013) Synthesis, characterization, and investigation of optical and magnetic properties of cobalt oxide (Co 3 O 4) nanoparticles, Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry, 3 (2013) 1-9.



Article Details

Volume 3, Issue 3, Year 2021

Published 2021-05-11


Download data is not yet available.

How to Cite

M, M., E, V., & S, P. (2021). Synthesis and Structural, Optical Properties of Cadmium Doped Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles. International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Technovation, 3(3), 32–37.

Plum Analytics