The production of electronic waste (e-waste) has reached alarming levels globally, posing significant environmental, economic, and health risks. This review paper comprehensively analyzes the challenges, impacts, and potential solutions associated with e-waste management in developing nations. It highlights the urgent need for proper regulations, infrastructure development, and public awareness to address the growing problem of e-waste. The paper identifies gaps in current research, such as the lack of concrete recommendations and practical solutions, and aims to provide a foundation for future studies to propose strategies for improving e-waste management practices. The findings emphasize the environmental effects of e-waste and the negative consequences on disadvantaged communities, particularly in underdeveloped regions. Furthermore, the review highlights the importance of transitioning to a circular economy and the economic opportunities presented by e-waste, which contains valuable metals that can be recovered and recycled. The paper calls for the formulation of specific policies focusing on the 3Rs (Reduction, Reuse, and Recycle) and the implementation of provisions such as pollution taxes to reduce e-waste and promote responsible consumption. By addressing these challenges and offering sustainable solutions, effective e-waste management can mitigate environmental risks, protect human health, and contribute to a circular economy.


Circular economy, E-waste management, Infrastructure, Recycling, Regulations,


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