Indian Journal of Tamil 2022-12-05T09:06:45+00:00 B. Ravikumar Ph.D Open Journal Systems <p><strong>“Indian Journal of Tamil (IJOT)” (E ISSN 2582-662X)</strong> is a peer-reviewed quarterly open access journal published in both Tamil and English, provides an international forum for the publication of language and linguistics researchers. IJOT is dedicated to publishing, clearly written an original article, review articles, conceptual articles and essays. Currently, the journal accepts articles in all fields related to the Tamil language. However, more general language and literature articles are also welcome.</p> 'Staying True to Theatrical Life': Bicycle Theatre Group in Northern Sri Lanka 2022-12-05T08:45:58+00:00 Thevanayagam Thevananth <p>During the war in the northern part of Sri Lanka, theatre committees functioned on a monthly allowance basis. This activity has been going on continuously for many years. These theatre groups have travelled relying on people. The people have fed them. Here the salary allowance was not paid according to the quality of the actor in the theatre group, but according to the number of his family members. Instead of 'qualified wages', the allowance of 'wages as per requirement' has been given. A group of equal numbers of women and men have cycled and staged plays. The play has been staged in at least three places every day, travelling day and night continuously for 22 days in a month. The actors, who went on bicycles professionally and staged plays, performed real life on stage. They saw the reality of the stage in life. There are no differences between fiction and reality in this theatre journey. The real story becomes a drama. A drama story becomes a reality. Here the dramaturgy fits in with many true stories and becomes visions of realities. At the same time, after a play is over, more plays are created. Moreover, more and more have evolved. Here, the play has helped the affected people reach the stage of 'despair'. It leads to a state of repentance, collective empathy, gaining confidence, and a desire to live. This study is based on the stage definition of liberation, on the basis of the ethnographic point of view, on the basis of which the researcher himself lived at a given time, and on the basis of witnessing the plays. But there are gaps in this study. To further enrich the study, the fonts of the plays produced by the theatre groups recorded sound, and cinematography is also required. Observation studies are also required. They are limited in the context of a military crisis.</p> 2022-11-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Thevanayagam Thevananth Totemism in Religious Theories: A Social Anthropological Perspective 2022-12-05T08:49:37+00:00 Rajendran Kirushikkah <p>From the point of view of Social Anthropology, the rituals associated with religion and its upright modes of worship convey something to each individual and society. Among the rituals, the totemism propounded by the author explains the origin of religion and explains in detail how its effectiveness is established in society. In particular, this study includes the issues of religious rituals, the origin of Totemic religion, Totemic worship, its characteristics, and the position of Totemic worship in society. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explain the performance, characteristics, and stability of Totemic worship, which is one of religious worship, from a social and anthropological point of view.</p> 2022-11-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rajendran Kirushikkah Educational Ideas in Moral Tamil Literature 2022-12-05T08:56:49+00:00 Mohamed Azrin S Selvaraju T <p>In the Pathinenkilkanakku collection of books that arose in order to uphold righteousness, and in the moral books that followed them, the poets have expounded educational thoughts with interesting songs. Our forefathers have sung songs in Tamil texts even before western scholars have spoken about the importance of education. The kings of the Sangam age ruled the country with the help of learned men. An uneducated person, even if he had acquired a great deal of wealth, was treated with contempt. The authors of the moral books, who know the importance of education, have not only mentioned righteousness in their books but have also praised education in many songs. Thus, the songs of the poets of the moral book become the subject of study under the categories of merits of education, method of obtaining education, method of education, mode of expressing education, and the status of the unlearned.</p> 2022-11-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mohamed Azrin S, Selvaraju T The Role of a Confident Woman in Sangam Literature – Friend (Female) 2022-12-05T09:03:19+00:00 Jothimani J <p>The Sangam literature guides us to live the lives of our forefathers with tradition and culture. The Sangam literature is divided into Akam, and Puram, and clearly depicts the love/family life and the social/war life. Out of the 18 books in Sangam literature, there are 8 books related to the Akam, 8 are Puram books and 2 are related to both Akam as well as Puram. The role of a friend is very important in the Akam part of the Sangam literature. Friend's eloquence, intelligence, and selfless high character are seen to excel. The friend appears as the storehouse of love and the abode of character. If she is seen in the woman-lead’s home, she would be working but treated as a daughter. She is a messenger among the man and woman leads, but she is the backbone of the Akam texts. In the Sangam literature, there is more to the statements of the friend (female), the supporting character, than the statements of the woman-lead. The main characters in Sangam literature are the man-lead, the woman-lead, the friend (female), the foster mother, the birth mother, and the friend (male). The purpose of this article is that the female character who is the most trusted of the characters found in the Sangam literature is the friend of the woman-lead.</p> 2022-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jothimani J ‘Pannirupaattiyal (The Twelve Songs) and the Novel, ‘Prabandha Deepikai’ 2022-12-05T09:06:45+00:00 Rajasree K Tamilvelu S <p>The life and cultures of human society are of a changing nature from time to time. Literature reflects the cultural norms that prevailed at that time. Grammars are those that characterize literary norms and preserve the richness of language. The separate category of such grammar is the Paattiyal. The earliest of the fully available Paattiyal books by time is the twelve hymns. The three disciplines of epigraphy, terminology, and ethnology consist of 360 volumes. Many Paattiyal books have appeared before this book. None of them are fully available today. The oldest of the texts is the Pannirupaattiyal, the period of which is the tenth century AD. Generally, there are three sections of Paattiyal texts. It is necessary to think about the nature of the compositions, the part that explains the prabandhams, the section on the sequel, the second section that is the grammar of the literary genres, and the nature of the Paattiyal texts.</p> 2022-11-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rajasree K, Tamilvelu S