India i.e Bharat is rich in culture and tradition. Additionally, it is noteworthy that this nation is home to temples and rituals. The people's strong devotion to the temples demonstrates their faith in them. In our country, there is a tradition of venerating trees within these temples. This practice serves as a reminder that throughout history, humans have relied on the environment for survival. The trees worshiped and preserved in temples in this manner are known as sthala vriksham. This research paper explores the cultural phenomenon, scientific background and conservation of biodiversity aspects of temples protecting the Sthala-Vriksham. A study was conducted about the Sthala Vriksham seen at temples in Palani, a taluk located in Dindigul district and further documented in the form of questionnaires. The study gathered data by engaging in direct discussions and interviews with residents, as well as conducting a field survey at the temples. Geographical data of the region was collected using GPS technology. Information about the medicinal and other domestic properties of these plants was obtained from the field-survey from local population and previous research papers. The bilva tree is the iconic tree for most temples. The study found two Sthala Vriksham trees located in the Venugopalaperumal temple in Palani. Forty-two different species of trees were documented among the other trees in the temples. Many ancient trees were discovered at the Periya Avudaiyar temple, Ancestors implemented these cultures for medicinal purposes, economic reasons, and to preserve plant biodiversity.


Sacred trees, Temples, Sthala-vriksha, Palani Taluk, Medicinal uses, Tamil Nadu,


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