Indian Journal of Multilingual Research and Development <p>The <strong>“Indian Journal of Multilingual Research and Development”</strong> <strong>(E ISSN 2582-9025)</strong> is a cross-disciplinary, peer reviewed quarterly journal for researchers from various scholarly and geographical backgrounds. Currently, the journal invites articles in the domain of all twenty-three languages along with the English title, abstract and references. Moreover, research in literature, culture, religion, translation, ethnicity and nationalism, sign language, science, technology and software development related to these languages were also encouraged in English and the languages mentioned above. But, general language, literature and linguistics articles written in English will not be considered for publication. Moreover, apart from the above-mentioned languages articles from other Indian Languages and endangered languages are also welcome.</p> en-US (Dr. Madhumita Barbora) (R Vignesh) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Challenges faced by quazi court and its resolutions in Contemporary Sri Lanka <p>Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic country. There are various traditional legal systems still practiced in the country. Hence the Muslim personal law is one of them. There are several criticisms against the Muslim personal law. Because of all the criticisms, it is prioritized that Muslim divorce cases are to be handled under the common law than the Quazi court. Quazi courts are criticized for its partial and discriminatory treatment of Muslim women in dealing with marriage issues. This study found that Quazi court has its own judiciary practices which are not conducive to protect women and instead, violating the rights of women in handling the divorce cases. This study identifies the challenges faced by the women dealing the divorce cases in this court. This study proposes recommendations to make obsolete the Quazi court in dealing with divorce cases in order to safeguard the democratic rights of the Muslim women. This study is based on Nintavur regional Quazi court. Primary information were collected through Observation and interviews and secondary information were collected from Books, journals, websites and the records from Quazi courts.</p> Mohamed Mufas T, Sivanayagam C Copyright (c) 2023 Mohamed Mufas T, Sivanayagam C Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Critical Analysis of the Translations of the Bṛhaspatisūkta of the Ṛgveda by the Western Scholars <p><strong>: </strong>When it comes to understanding ancient scriptures, particularly Vedas, commentaries not only play a crucial role but are rather indispensable. Even to understand the nuances present in the commentary, one has to learn them from scholars rooted in the tradition, and hence we have the <em>guru-śiṣya-paramparā</em>. Given this, the kind of translation given to <em>mantras</em> in the <em>Ṛgveda</em> by some of the western scholars not only does not synchronise with indigenous thought inlaid in the commentaries but is also found to be misleading. In order to illustrate this, in the present paper, we have taken up the <em>Bṛhaspatisūkta</em> (10.68) for analysis. Here each <em>mantra</em> is examined with respect to morphology, grammar, syntax and context. The key differences between the commentaries of Sāyaṇācārya and translations of select western scholars, as well as incoherence with the indigenous narrative and philosophical tradition, are discussed.</p> Vasudev Aital Copyright (c) 2023 Vasudev Aital Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cultural Assimilation and Christian Spirituality in the Writings of Arnos Padiri <p>Arnos Padiri (1681-1732) is a missionary who popularised christian spirituality in Kerala. Unlike other missionaries who worked in Kerala, Padiri tried to spread christain spirituality through poetry by assimilating the Malayalam poetic tradition. Symbols of cultural integration and assimilation can be found in his religious and literary works. This paper try to evaluate Arnos Padiri’s contribution to Malayalam Language literature and culture. The unique writing method adopted by him in creating a popular foundation for christian spirituality with the support of Kerala’s cultural and literary tradition are also analyzed in this article.</p> Chandrabose R Copyright (c) 2023 Chandrabose R Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in Ponnagaram <p>Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory helps in understanding the literature. Good authors tell stories that are realistic because their characters are based on real life people who develop as Maslow observed. This leads to research in the literature and particularly a short story, which is one of the literary genres written with some characters based on a specific theme, is taken as the field of study. It can be known that Pudhumaipithan is a writer who creates characters based on real life as his stories are only ‘Sketches’ that are metaphors about life. One of his short stories, “Ponnagaram” is taken for the study as it reflects the life of the commons. Thus, based on the hypothesis this paper compares and examines the elements of the pyramidal hierarchy of needs as Pudhumaipithan’s “Ponnagaram” is compatible with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory.</p> Godwin Sudharsan A, Ravi S Copyright (c) 2023 Godwin Sudharsan A, Ravi S Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000