Indian Journal of Multilingual Research and Development <p>The <strong>“Indian Journal of Multilingual Research and Development”</strong> <strong>(E ISSN 2582-9025)</strong> is a cross-disciplinary, peer reviewed quarterly journal for researchers from various scholarly and geographical backgrounds. Currently, the journal invites articles in the domain of all twenty-three languages along with the English title, abstract and references. Moreover, research in literature, culture, religion, translation, ethnicity and nationalism, sign language, science, technology and software development related to these languages were also encouraged in English and the languages mentioned above. But, general language, literature and linguistics articles written in English will not be considered for publication. Moreover, apart from the above-mentioned languages articles from other Indian Languages and endangered languages are also welcome.</p> Asian Research Association en-US Indian Journal of Multilingual Research and Development 2582-9025 The Role of Print Media in Kerala Renaissance <p>Mass media especially print media, act as a catalyst in the growth and development of modern democratic societies. Several studies has proven the role of printing in the evolution of the idea of the nation state, nationalist ideologies, and standardisation of language, printing and journalism acted as a catalyst in the formation of Kerala public sphere in the surge of the ideologies and activism that resulted in Kerala Renaissance. A diachronic survey of Malayalam print media, which started in the nineteenth century, illustrate the formation of the ideological pathways of the Kerala Renaissance. The survey proves the significant role of the print media in effecting the diverse ideological under currents of colonial administration, indigenous spiritual figures and movements western Christian missionary groups etc. to fashion Kerala modernity. This study focuses on the role of the print media in steering Malayali consciousness towards modernity, enlightenment, humanism and the idea of nation state.</p> Chandrabose R Copyright (c) 2021 Chandrabose R 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 1 12 10.34256/ijmrd2131 Crises of Dalit Women in India <p>In Sanskrit, ‘‘Yatra naryastu pujyante ramante tatra Devata' means that wherever a woman is worshipped, gods rejoice. This sholka represents the importance of women, and one can say, "Home is the first school, Mother is the first teacher," demonstrating the respect and value given to women. However, these words exist only in the form of letters and not in practise. It is a great tragedy that man is hesitant to use and accept her gratitude. When this is the case, discrimination is quite common in Dalit communities even today, and the Manuvadi attitude of discrimination against Dalit women is growing like anything else. There could be several reasons for this context. But you can always imagine upper-class communities viewing her as an object of prejudice, abusing her caste, discriminating against her caste, mischief, and reduction. This article attempted to review the social conflicts of Dalit women in India, with a focus on the unpleasant events of the time, such as raping, ignoring, disrespecting, intimidating, and so on.</p> Kambar Chendappa Rajappa Gulati Varun Copyright (c) 2021 Kambar Chendappa Rajappa, Gulati Varun 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 13 23 10.34256/ijmrd2132 The Presence of Saiva Sidhantha Elements in Thirukovars Work <p>Shaivism is a popular philosophy on the world philosophical stage. They were the forerunner and basis of the Scriptures. Saivism. That is why the two eyes of Shaivism are referred to as the thothirangal and shastras. Pathi, Cow and Affection are the three stools of Saiva Siddhantha. They are a mixture of pride, pride, delusion, and three stools of affection, with the knowledge of life. In order to remove the stools, the Lord gives life to the other two stools, maya kanma, and thereby removes three types of stools. The two types of yoga, the pure state of basic yoga, and the nirathara yoga of sukkuma state, is a method of forgetting itself. It is summarized that those who reach the Lord in the heart and worship Him incessantly will attain any stage of the four liberation sins.</p> Maheswari K Copyright (c) 2021 Maheswari K 2021-07-24 2021-07-24 24 31 10.34256/ijmrd2133 Theological concepts in Samanthar’s Devaram <p>A look at Tamil literature reveals a variety of concepts. Sangam literature means two called kaadhal veeram. Moral literature means 'justice' in such a way that bhakti literature means 'vituperu' home birth is the state of salvation that separates from man's body after his life is over. In order to reach that stage, you must receive the blessings of God, the Lord. The servants are those who show the way and religion to the God. The Saivism-based Nayanmars say that the principles of attaining Shiva through siddha are Tevara songs. Gnanasambandar, one of the Nayanmars, speaks of the principle of godly ness that reaches Lord Shiva in his Tevarapan. The article explains the natural events of the places where Shiva temples are situated and describes the devotional dignity of reaching the lord.</p> Allirajan K Copyright (c) 2021 Allirajan K 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 32 36 10.34256/ijmrd2134 Nocte kinship system, terminologies and its affinity to PTB roots <p>Kinship terms and systems are considered to be one of the most resistant parts of language which are constantly in a threat by dominant language. Through these terminologies, we can find out how language not only defines but tries to explain the world view of the native speakers. The kinship terms can also be used to identify and group the specific language with other languages with which it shares its common features under a common phylum. This paper is a study of the kinship terms and systems of Nocte, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in Arunachal Pradesh. It has also been established as an endangered language. In this paper we look into Nocte Kinship terms, the system, the social structure and its affinity to the Proto-Tibeto-Burman roots.</p> Trisha Wangno Madhumita Barbora Copyright (c) 2021 Trisha Wangno, Madhumita Barbora 2021-08-14 2021-08-14 37 46 10.34256/ijmrd2135 The concepts of Theological Principles in morality literatures and in the Holy Bible <p>In the praise of the Lord who creates the world, the scriptures of the eighteen following books of the Sangamamaruviya period, and the Holy Book of Christianity, the Holy Book of Christianity, are of the Lord. This article explains that humanity is cultivated by the praise of sovereignty, removes evils, and directs the way of good ness. In the article, the article explains the importance of appreciating the nature of God and the system of worship of God, the benefits and the virtues of the sovereignty, that the world is the creation of the Lord and that the atom will not move without him.</p> Bavliance A Copyright (c) 2021 Bavliance A 2021-08-15 2021-08-15 47 51 10.34256/ijmrd2136 A Scientific study of Forests of the Western Ghats <p>The Western Ghats in India’s Deccan Plateau has been recognized as one of the eight “hottest hot-spots” of biological diversity in the world. UNESCO has identified this region as a World Heritage Site. In Maharashtra, this mountain range is known as ‘Sahyadri’, ‘Dang forests’ in Gujarat, ‘Nilgiris’ in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, and ‘Malnad’ in Karnataka. It stretches across the six Indian states of Gujrat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and two union territories including Daman and Diu and Pondicherry. These hills begin near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and end at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India, covering an incredible 1,60,000 In the 18<sup>th</sup> and 19<sup>th</sup> centuries, most of the people who classified the flora of these regions are hobbyists. Very few British Officers who conduct survey of this landscape release their books. A complete scientific study of this biodiversity hot-spot is yet to be undertaken. Until now, only a handful of scientists have undertaken a study of the Western Ghats. So, this present article expains a brief scientific study of the forests of the Western Ghats.</p> Geethanjali T.M. Copyright (c) 2021 Geethanjali T.M. 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 52 64 10.34256/ijmrd2137 A Brief Survey on the Sociolinguistic Pattern of Khelma (Sakachep) in Relation to the Mediating Role of Multilingualism among the Native Speakers <p>Languages play a vital role in the formation of identity of a speech community with its unique features. The degree of usage of a language in various domains and the positive attitudes of the native speakers towards the language help to strengthen up and maintain the status, power and solidarity of the speech community. Very often the native speakers of the smaller known languages remain unaware of the risk of losing their language or about the process of language shifting. Today in the world of science and technology each and every speech community is practising multilingualism either directly or indirectly according to the demands of the basic needs in their daily lives. This paper is a result of an attempt to present a sociolinguistic survey on the language use, attitude and identity of native speakers of Khelma (Sakachep) in the district of Dima Hasao, Assam in North-East India towards their mother tongue as well as towards other languages spoken and used in different domains in the Khelma community according to their needs. The research work is carried out under CFEL, Tezpur University, Assam. Native speakers based on different age groups, gender, educational qualifications, occupational patterns, family types and as rural and urban dwellers were interviewed. The methods used for interview were personal interviews, group discussions, telephonic conversations and silent observations. The participants were asked a series of questions concerning their language, culture, traditions and also their feelings regarding other languages used in and around them.</p> Pushpa Renu Bhattacharyya Copyright (c) 2021 Pushpa Renu Bhattacharyya 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 65 75 10.34256/ijmrd2138 A Comparative study of Andra bhasha bhushanam and Tolkappiyam <p>This review examines the subject under five sub-headings: writing intent, writing structure, Type of techniques, vocabulary, and spelling observation. Of these, the structure of the text is examined under two sub-headings, external structure and internal structure. Among the 32 writing techniques mentioned by Tolkappiyar, 1. Writing purpose, 2. Section order, 3. Codification expression, 4. Section expression, 5. Semantic coordination, 6. Fictional gestures, 7. Meaningful reference, 8. Alternative formula entry, 9. Future reference, 10. Sutra and examples are examined in bilingual grammars. In formulaic construction methods such as sutrartham, sutra structure, relation between sutras, gana, nipatam are taken into consideration. In the alphabet section, topics such as distribution of letters, creation of letters, conjugation, and word usage are examined. Finally, at the end of the character the 10 things identified in the bilingual grammars examined comparatively are revealed and the table of reference is compiled.</p> Savithri Ch Copyright (c) 2021 Savithri Ch 2021-09-02 2021-09-02 76 92 10.34256/ijmrd2139