Abstract

The image of the child in its various shades is one of the common images in Arabic poems from the pre-Islamic era to the modern era, but it did not receive the attention of scholars, and it was not studied in depth showing its connotations and symbols. Hence came my study entitled "The Child in Contemporary Iraqi Poetry", which is an attempt to clarify the symbols of the word (the child) and what it indicates according to the context in which they are mentioned, as well as the statement of the aesthetic aspects of how to employ these symbols through the selection of poetic texts of modern poets in which the image of the child was mentioned Where this image was linked to the intellectual and political framework of the trends of Iraqi poets to create with it multiple connotations that were in harmony with the successive conflicts and revolutions that the poet employed to express intellectual, political and artistic positions. Modern Iraqi poetry by this expression means what many poets wrote in a non-traditional or traditional (classical) poetry curriculum in the literature of their languages. It appeared in Arabic literature at the end of the first half of the twentieth century, especially at the hands of Al-Rihani, Al-Sayyab, the angels and the Arab diaspora in a number of European countries that they went to settle in, especially Italy, France, Britain and then the American states. One of the most prominent differences raised by this trend was what was raised about (authenticity and contemporary) in his book and its production, over decades of years, which lasted about a century.

Keywords

Modern Iraqi Poetry Child

References

  1. Alexander, Y., (1846). Chronicles of the First Planters of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1623-1636. C. C. Little and J. Brown, 571.
  2. Charles, W.M., (1901). The Library of Literary Criticism of English and American Authors, The Moulton Publishing Company, UK.
  3. Edna, S.V.M., & Colin F., (1992). Edna St. Vincent Millay: Selected Poems: the Centenary Edition. HarperCollins Publishers, 162.
  4. Edward, T., Thomas M.D., Virginia L.D., Michael S., (1997). The Tayloring Shop: Essays on the Poetry of Edward Taylor. UNKNO.
  5. Einhorn, L.J., (2011). Native American Oral Tradition, The: Voices of the Spirit and Soul, Praeger.
  6. Gammel, I., (2002). Baroness Elsa: Gender, Dada, and Everyday Modernity--A Cultural Biography, MIT Press.
  7. Gammel, I., & Suzanne Z., (2011). Harpsichords Metallic Howl— “: The Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven’s Sound Poetry. Modernism/modernity, 18 (2), 255-271. https://doi.org/10.1353/mod.2011.0033
  8. Gammel, I., & Suzanne Z., (2012). Introduction: The First American Dada. Body Sweats: The Uncensored Writings of Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. 1 Ed. Irene Gammel and Suzanne Zelazo. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 16., Available at : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_poetry .
  9. George, W.W., (1882). History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 611.
  10. Heymann, D.C., (1980). American Aristocracy: The Lives and Times of James Russell, Amy, and Robert Lowell. Dodd Mead, 561.
  11. Jack, D., & Thomas M., (2002). New English Canaan by Thomas Morton of 'Merrymount'“: Text, Notes, biography, Criticism, Digital Scanning, 669.
  12. John, W.A., (1958). After the Lost Generation: A Critical Study of the Writers of Two Wars, Noonday Press.
  13. Ken Norris, (1982). The Beginnings of Canadian Modernism. Canadian Poetry: Studies, Documents, Reviews, 3 (11), 56-66.
  14. Klaus, L., (1994). Born for the Shade: Stereotypes of the Native American in United States Literature and the Visual Arts, 1776–1894, Editions Rodopi B.V. 328.
  15. Leo, O.L., John, K.F., Albert, F., (1986). Literary Trends: The Road to Revolution 1927–1949, The Cambridge History of China, 421-491. https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521243384.010
  16. Lowell Amy., (1914). Sword Blades and Poppy Seed, the Macmillan Company, New York.
  17. Michael, S., (2001). Reading Modern Poetry, Routledge, London.
  18. Moldenhauer, J.J., (1968). Murder as a Fine Art: Basic Connections between Poe's Aesthetics, Psychology, and Moral Vision. Cambridge University Press, 83 (2), 284-297. https://doi.org/10.2307/1261183
  19. Peter A., (2019). Poetry of September 11: Library of Congress Bibliographies, Research Guides, and Finding Aids (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). J. Poetry. 4(6) 62-80, www.loc.gov Retrieved 2020-08-23.
  20. Shipman, J.S., (2005). A Surrender to the Moon. International Library of Poetry. International Collector's Library.
  21. Susan, R.G., (2002). Phillis Wheatley, Capstone Press. 48.
  22. Untermeye,r L., (1921). Modern American Poetry. Harcourt Brace and Company.
  23. William, C.W., (1966). The William Carlos Williams Reader. New Directions, 450.