Abstract

This paper is a detailed Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of the novel The To-Let House that represents the indigenous struggles, the politics of identity and the construction of a ‘woman’s identity’ amidst the unsettling environment of violence in the historical context of the North Eastern part of India. The paper would analyse and explore the underlying discourse operating in the novel and investigate the core theories and its impact through the conscious choices of the ‘language in use’ by the author. Daisy Hasan’s The To-Let House is primarily marked with the identity constructions and its gradual evolution. The author not only just unravels the struggles that the characters undergo but also counterfeits a sense of identity instituting it towards one’s self identity.  The characters in the novel are unable to affiliate themselves into any one particular cultural identity; rather they constantly are struggling within themselves inwardly, in the midst of the violence surrounding them outwardly.  This weakness and inability to assign an identity turns out to be a strong narrative that constructs a powerful discourse highlighting the nuances of ‘belongingness.’

Keywords

Critical Discourse Analysis Identity Language Indigenous Struggle Gender

References

  1. Ballard, W., (1980). M. A. K. Halliday, Language as social semiotic: The social interpretation of language and meaning. London: Edward Arnold, 1978. Pp. 256. Language in Society, 9(1), 84-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S004740450000782X
  2. Behnam, B., &Kazemian, B., (2013). A comparative study of ideational grammatical metaphor in scientific and political texts, International Journal of Linguistics, 1(1), 40-70. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v4i2.1853
  3. Carranza, I., (1997). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. Norman Fairclough. London: Longman, 1995. Pp. 265. Applied Psycholinguistics, 18(4), 537-539. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0142716400010973
  4. Deborah Tannen, Heidi E. Hamilton, Deborah Schiffrin, (2015) The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, (2nd ed). John Wiley & Sons Inc, 992 pages.
  5. Edwards, J., (2009) Language and Identity: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511809842
  6. Elahe R., and Sharififar, M., (2015) Critical Discourse Analysis and Its Implication in English Language Teaching: A case study of Political Text, Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(3), 504-511. http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0503.08
  7. Faerch, C., and Kasper, G., (1984) Two Ways of Defining Communication Strategies, Language Learning, 34(1), 45–63. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1984.tb00995.x
  8. Meyer, M., (2001). Between theory, method, and politics: positioning of the approaches to cda. In Methods of critical discourse analysis (pp. 14-31). SAGE Publications, Ltd. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857028020.n2
  9. Gee, J.P., (1999) An introduction to Discourse Analysis Theory and Method. London and New York: Routledge.
  10. Hall, S., (2014) 1980[1973]. ‘Encoding, decoding.’ In Culture, Media, Language. Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-1979, ed. by Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, 128-138. London: Routledge https://doi.org/10.1075/z.184.211hal
  11. Halliday, M.A.K., (1985) An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London, Edward Arnold.
  12. Halliday, M.A.K., (1994). An Introduction to Functional Grammar (2nd Ed). London: Edward Arnold.
  13. Hasan, Daisy. (2010) The To-Let House. Chennai: The Indcom Press
  14. Halliday, M.A.K., (1978) Language as A Social Semiotic. London: University Press.
  15. Hogg, M., and Abram, D., (1988). Social Identifications: A Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations and Group Processes. London: Routledge.
  16. Kachru, B.B., (1982) “Models for Non Native Englishes” in B.B Kachru (ed) The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures. Urbana, Chicago and London: University of Illinios Press.
  17. Luke, A., (1988) Literacy, Textbooks and Ideology : postwar literacy instruction and the mythology of Dick and Jane / Allan Luke. London: Falmer Press.
  18. Murshida, A.A., (2019) Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Germany: Lambert Academic Publication.
  19. Rahimi, F., and Riasati, M.J., (2011) Critical Discourse Analysis: Scrutinizing Ideologically-Driven Discourses," International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(6) 107-112.
  20. Sabir, M., & Kanwal, N. (2018) Critical Discourse Analysis Norman Fairclough’s model as a research tool in the critical discourse analysis of Robert Frost’s poem Fire and Ice, Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1), 83-99.
  21. Smith, F., (1971) Understanding Reading: A Psycholinguistic Analysis of Reading And Learning To Read. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  22. Tenorio, E.H., (2011) Critical Discourse Analysis: An Overview, Nordic Journal of English Studies, 10(1), pp.183–210. DOI: http://doi.org/10.35360/njes.247
  23. Van Dijk T.A., (Ed). (1997) Discourse as Interaction in Society, Conversation Analysis, Sage, 336.
  24. Van Dijk, T. A. (Ed.) (1997). Discourse as structure and process: Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction. (Vols. 1-1). SAGE Publications Ltd, http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221884
  25. Volosinov, V.N., Ladislav Matejka, Titunik I.R., (1973) Marxism and the Philosophy of Language, Harvard University Press; 1st edition (July 21, 1986).
  26. Widdowson, H.G., (2004) Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.
  27. Zupnik, J., (1991). Norman Fairclough, Language and power. London: Longman. 1989 Pp. x 248. Language in Society, 20(2), 265-269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500016316