Morphological Responses and Heavy metals assessment of Celosia argentea and Amaranthus hybridus to Abattoir Effluent Treatment
The uncontrolled and unauthorized discharge of abattoir waste water into the environment had been on the alarming increase. Morphological Responses and heavy metals assessment of Celosia argentea and Amaranthus hybridus to Abattoir Effluent Treatment were investigated with the aim of determining the effect of abattoir effluents and heavy metal contents on some growth parameters of these vegetables. Seeds of Amaranthus hybridus and Celosia argentea were collected from Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), Ibadan, Nigeria. They were authenticated by an Herbarium curator at the Herbarium unit of the Federal University of Technology, Akure, and voucher deposited. The abattoir effluent was collected from a major slaughter house located at Industrial park, Onyearubgulem, Akure. A screen house experiment was set up to house the pots. Seeds of Amaranthus hybridus and Celosia argentea were sown into perforated plastic pots (30 cm diameter and 33 cm depth) filled with 10 kg of topsoil. The seedlings were allowed to establish for 21 days before the commencement of effluent treatment. Physicochemical properties of the treated soil with effluents were determined. After 21 days of seedling establishment, vegetable seedlings were irrigated with 200ml of abattoir waste water every three days while distilled water served as the control. The observed decrease in the plant height of Celosia argentea and subsequent decrease in leaf number of Amaranthus hybridus may be due to the toxicity of the Abattoir waste water was attributed to plant metabolic activities leading to poor waste absorbance and poor development.
- Heavy metals,
- Celosia argentea,
- Amaranthus hybridus
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