Adsorption efficiency of activated carbon prepared from Palm kernel shells in removal of dyes used in textile industry

Sabaridasan Arumugam
PG & Research Department of Biotechnology, Sri Vinayaga College of Arts and Science, Ulundurpet, Kallakurichi - 606107, Tamil Nadu, India
Harinath Vinu
Department of Environmental Sciences, Sri Paramakalyani Centre of Excellence in Environmental Sciences, (Manonmaniam Sundaranar University), Alwarkurichi-627412, Tamil Nadu, India
Soranam Ramaiah
Department of Environmental Sciences, Sri Paramakalyani Centre of Excellence in Environmental Sciences, (Manonmaniam Sundaranar University), Alwarkurichi-627412, Tamil Nadu, India


Plum Analytics


Palm shell has been utilized to create an effective activated carbon adsorbent in this investigation. The adsorbent is being used to remove direct dyes from dyeing waste in textiles. Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy were used to characterize the synthesized carbon. The particles are very porous and irregular in shape, based on the SEM analysis. This particle shape is effective at removing dye and toxic metals. TGA analysis has been shown to be highly stable under varied temperature circumstances. The FTIR data revealed the existence of functional groups that are responsible for dye and toxic metal elimination. The AAS analysis showed that dye degrading ability rises at a time interval and the adsorption ability of activated carbon. These findings suggest that Palm shell carbon could be used as a low cost alternative to commercial activated carbon in the removal of dyes from wastewater.


  • Activated carbon,
  • Adsorption,
  • TGA,
  • SEM,
  • FTIR


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Article Details

Volume 5, Issue 1, Year 2023

Published 2023-03-25


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How to Cite

Arumugam, S., Vinu, H., & Ramaiah, S. (2023). Adsorption efficiency of activated carbon prepared from Palm kernel shells in removal of dyes used in textile industry. Bulletin of Scientific Research, 5(1), 20–26.